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Fashion Glossary

Published: 2019-07-16

Accent

Emphasis given to a distinctive characteristic of a garment

Accessories

In fashion accessories refers to items with a useful or decorative purpose used in conjunction with one’s outfit. They complement and enhance the clothes worn. Include Belts & Suspenders, Bridal Veils, Eyewear, Footwear, Gloves & Mittens, Handbags, Handkerchiefs, Headwear, Jewelry, Legwear, Neckwear, Shawls & Wraps, Umbrellas, Watches



Acid wash

Treatment done on fabric to fade the colour with bleach solution. Check out the post on different ways (15) to distress your jeans to look fashionable



Achromatic colours

This refers to having no colour ; in fashion it means black or white colours.



Androgynous style

Androgyny in fashion refers to dressing in styles that makes it difficult for the viewer to determine the gender of the person.Gender neutral fashion. Also called Unisex fashion 


Anime

Anime is short for animation and refers to a dressing style that follows the fashion on Japanese Anime cartoons. Mostly features punk style clothing.



Anti Fashion

Dressing in styles different from the fashion of the day; showing an indifference to fashion and its varying trends



Antique style

A style of the past


Anti Pill

Treatment done on fabric to increase the wear resistance, preventing uneven and worn look of fabric surface



Army look

A style that resembles an army uniform (military style)



Art deco

Style incorporating geometric patterns in typical colours of yellow green gold silver and black



Art Nouveau

Style that incorporates linear and curvilinear designs



Academic costume

Characteristic clothes worn by those studying or teaching in colleges/ universities



Accent

This is an emphasis given to something like a colour or trimming or accessory



Accent shades

Bright dark colours like fluorescent colours. These are used as an emphasis rather than as the whole colour of a design.



Accessory

Refers to things like shoes, hats, jewellery, neckwear, belts, scarfs, gloves, corstes lingerioe boutonnieres that is added to an outfit to make it more fashionable



Accessorizing

The process of adding accessory to clothing on display



Active sportswear

Clothes worn by the participants in sports events



Adaptation

Garment/design similar to another original design/model but having some characteristic changes



Advanced colours

Warm colours like shades of red



a la mode

French term for fashion



Accoutrements

A popular or the latest style of clothing, hair, decoration, or behavior.



American Style

A sporty easy going casual style of clothing


Androgynous style

A style that is neither strongly feminine or masculine



Apparel

Another word for clothes, clothing and garments



Apparel manufacturing

Involves assembling, cutting, finishing, grading, labeling, marketing of garments in an industrial set up



Asymmetrical

One sided , not balanced



Atelier

Large dressmaking organization



Attire

Clothing



Athletic clothing

Clothing worn for athletic activities. Brands like Puma specialize in athletic clothing



Au naturel

This french origin word is used to indicate something in its natural state. Like a nude body



Avant-Garde

Refers to never seen before innovative designs by designers who are original thinkers bringing change to fashion



Body clothes

Underclothing



Balance / symmetry

Having two opposing sides of same dimension



Bespoke

This refers to a made-to-order garment made as per the customer’s characteristic measurements and specifications. Usually said about men’s formal clothes or wedding clothes



Barfly apparel

Clothing suitable for wearing at cocktail bars


Baroque

Exaggerated style ; over ornate clothing style



Beachwear

Clothing suitable for beach



Beaumonde

The fashionable world



Black tie event

A dress code for evening events and social functions ; involves a tuxedo, tie and formal shoes. For girls, this is a long gown.



Bling

The term used for flashy ostentatious accessories



Body-con clothing

Tight filling clothing eg. Bodycon dress



Boutique

A store or shop ( usually high end expensive store) selling unique items to a specific set of customers



Boyfriend style

Meaning borrowed from boyfriend; Clothing style belonging to males adapted to suit females; eg. Boyfriend jeans



Bib and tucker

Colloquial term for clothes ( wear one’s finest clothes)



Border print

A design that is seen along the border of a fabric



Bohemian style of fashion (Boho)

An unconventional style of dressing  that draws inspiration from bohemian and hippie influences. Boho chic is a stylish bohemian fashion with many celebrities and socialities following this trend. Check out 



15 must-have elements in boho bohemian fashion

Business Formal dress code

Garments suitable for a formal event – suits for both men and women and tailored dresses for women.



Business Casual dress code

Clothes suitable for a semi-formal event – pants and shirts for men, pencil skirts and blouses for women ; not too casual like jeans or too formal like suits.



Bulky clothing

Loose fitting clothing



Capsule wardrobe

This is a term used for a collection of a few timeless and essential items of clothing . Check out the post on the 18 pieces you should have in your capsule wardrobe



Cut of a garment

Style and shape of a garment and how it hangs on the body



Camouflage clothing

Design with elements of camouflage in it like the print / khaki colour



Care label

A mandatory label found in all clothes that denotes atleast one method of caring for that garment/fabric in lieu of symbols. They usually have fabric details, its content, washing drying, bleaching and ironing instructions



Casual wear

Informal wear; everyday garments



Catwalk

A platform along which models walk to display clothes in fashion shows.



Channel suit

A prestigious coveted suit for women designed by the Famous french designer Coco Chanel



Chic

Stylish / sophisticated



Chinois

Chinese style



Cine mode

A fashion with origin in the movies



City wear

Street clothes with a sophisticated style



Cocktail dress code

This is a party event – a suit for men and party dress for women



Collection

Usually held twice a year in spring/summer and fall/ winter



Colour coordination

Design incorporating colour theory and colour harmony



Classic

A style which is deemed timeless



Clique

As per Wikipedia clique is a small close-knit group of people who do not readily allow others to join them.In fashion cliue refers to a group of very fashion consious people who share a common sense of style.



Collection

A set of creations of a designer for a particular season. 



Colour blocking

This is a technique in which large blocks of solid coloured fabric are joined  (usually sewn) to form the garment ; placing blocks of different colours side by side this way provides a visually striking effect 



Colour fast

This refers  to a dyed fabric’s ability to resist fading or colour running when it is washed, exposure to sunlight etc.



Colorway

A fashion industry terminology for a product in a specific color.



Cosplay

A pastime of dressing up in costume (Oxford dictionary)



Country look

A rustic look ; wearing tweeds



Cool colours

These are colours in the blue family



Contemporary style

A current look



Continental style

This refers to the European style of clothing



Contrast

In fshion this refers to using colours which are in stark constrast to each other and hence both stand out.



Conservative styles

Traditional dressing style



Cosmetic colours

Colours that relates to makeup/cosmetics used



Cosmopolitan

Dress style that is universal rather than localised



Costume

Garments based a theme or a story



Couturier

This is a french term for male designers. The female designer is a couturiere



Craze

A fashion which becomes extremely popular for a short period



Composite style

A combination of distinct styles; simple and refined; cool and feminine; feminine and flirtatious ; funky and fun.



Costume jewelry

This is jewelry made to complement a particular fashionable garment/collection ;  usually inexpensive than real jewellery



Dated fashion

Style of clothing which is Out of fashion  (no longer fashionable)



Diffusion Line

A  modestly priced line of garments made by an haute couture designer



Distressing

Process in which fabric is artificially aged or worn



Draping

The way a fabric falls/hangs on a body



Drop tail style

This refers to clothing with the back having more length than the front.



Dandy style

This is a term related to mens clothing – indicating a flamboyant self-absorbant style of dressing



Deadstock

Clothing that has never been worn, often from previous season.



Design elements

In fashion, this refers to Color, Shape, line, texture, balance, harmony, proportion, pattern etc which are very important in designing well-liked clothes



Double Denim Trend

This is a style of wearing more than one clothing in denim at a time Eg. Denim Jacket with denim jeans. Also referred as Canadian Tuxedo



Earth colors

Colours in the brown family



Ecclectic style of fashion

This is a fashion style composed of elements drawn from various sources;A mix of various styles 



Electric colours

Brilliant colours



Elegant dressing style

A sophisticated graceful style



Ensemble

An outfit ( totally) that is coordinated and harmonious



Eponymous fashion brand

When a designer decides to name a brand his own name ie creator gives his own name to his brand. eg LOUIS VUITTON



Ethnic

Native or traditional



Exotic

Style that is fascinating and evoking the look of a foriegn land



Embellishing

The addition of decorative details or features



Ensemble

set of clothes that give out a look of unity and coordination



Designer

A person who thinks up ideas for making extremely characteristic garments



Display

A presentation of clothes



Effortless dressing

This refers to a style which is high end but looks effortless.



Fabric swatches

Small pieces of fabric used as a sample



Fabric Finishes

This refers to the application of certain resins/chemicals or making the fabric undergo some processes so that its functional or aethetic appeal is enhanced.



Fad

A short lived fashion ; the popuarity fades pretty fast after a burst.



Fashion 2.0

Fashion in the digital age with social media and websites leading the way for major upheavals in fashion.



Fashion capitals

Refers to high fashion cities like Paris, New york, Los Angels, London, Tokyo, Berlin, Barcelona



Fashion Cycle

This refers to the rise rule and decline of a style



Fashion Faux Pas

A misstep made in fashion like a wrong choice of clothing



Fashion Forecast

A prediction as to the fashions / styles/ trends that will be popular in the coming future



Fashion foreward

A person who is ahead and knowledgeable of fashion trends



Fashion icon

Some one who is very popular for his/her fashion style that every one looks up to him/her.



Fashion Line

All of the clothing a fashion designer produces for a specific category



Fashion press

Those reporting the fashion events / shows / displays etc



Fashion show

Displaying Formal collection of fashion styles by designers to merchandisers/ customers



Fashion house

A company involved in fashion design



Fashionista

A devoted follower of fashion



Fashion icon

A term used to refer to someone or something that has become popular for being extremely fashionable



Fashion sense

Knowledge of how to dress fashionably.



Fashion police

An imaginary police force that ensures that people dress according to fashion.



Fashion sketch

An initial drawing made for the purpose of garment design. It will give a basic idea about the garment



Fashion subcultures

Subdivisions of society that influence fashion and have a heavy influence on the fashion elsewhere everywhere. The attitude and beliefs of he subculture is reflected in their clothing. Grunge, punk, goth, alternative, bohemian,rock,  rap,and hip-hop are such subcultures



Fashion tribe

A group of people who share a common sense of dressing style / fad/ fashion



Fashion victim

A person who slavishly follows current fashion.



Fabric Prints

These are many prominent patterns which are very popular like animal prints african prints . check out the post on the 55 popular fabric patterns you will usually find



Face of the fabric

The outer surface of the fabric ( also refers to facing)



Fashion Label

A collection of  expensive clothes belonging to a particular upcoming designer



Fatigues

Military combat apparel.



Flat sketches

Technical sketch of a design as if it were laying flat- the details include stitching techniques etc. Also called flats.You can make this by hand or with software like illustrator.



Florals

Fabric printed with floral patterns



Formal clothing ( evening clothes)

An occasion dressing style ;Long evening gown for females and suits / tuxedos for men



Foundation

Undergarment worn to smooth a figure



Garcon look

Garconne; A boyish fashion worn by women ; also called flapper look



Gradation

Shades of the same colour



Greek Chic

Style associated with the thinking man/woman, technology workers/professionals.Tailored suits, oversized glasses



Grunge

A messy unco-ordinated style of dressy seen in people who follow or like grunge music. Ripped jeans, layered clothing, black boots



Haberdashery

Sewing notions like buttons zippers etc; also refers to a men’s clothing shop



High stepper

A colloquial term for a person who is very aware or conscious of fashion and how he/ she looks.



Hand of a fabric

The feel of the fabric



Haute Couture 

Expensive, fashionable clothes produced by leading exclusive fashion houses. It means the finest dress making in French language; simply termed as couture.



Heavy metal fashion

Fashion adopted by fans of heavy metal music ( metal heads or headbangers); skinny fit jeans, jackets, clothes with patches and badges



High Fashion

The designing, making, and marketing of expensive, fashionable exclusive clothes ( as opposed to mass-market clothing); haute couture



Hippie style

An unusul ( to western style) bohemian fashion style characterized by long hair, jeans  bell bottom pants peasant blouses tie and dye fabric, long full skirts etc


Hosiery

Tight fitting knitted garments worn on the leg and feet. It is usually made of highly stretchable fabrics like spandex.



Hourglass figure

A female body shape with narrow waist and proportionately bigger hips ad bust ; considered to be the ideal shape for women eg Hourglass figure of Marilyn Monroe



House

In the fashion world, a fashion house is a name used for a company dealing in fashion.


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